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When United States President-elect Joe Biden begins to receive official intelligence briefings, one of the more complex issues he and his team will have to grapple with is fashioning a new working relationship with Turkey. Despite its struggling domestic economy, Ankara is testing its appetite for military conflict on ever more fronts, placing heavy pressure on President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s efforts to rebuild what critics and admirers alike have come to see as his version of the Ottomans’ Sublime Porte, on foundations underpinned by Al-Ikhwan Al-Muslimeen (Muslim Brotherhood or MB) ideology.
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